The goal of the ADDM Network is to provide comparable, population-based estimates of ASD and other developmental disabilities across sites over time. The combined data from the various ADDM sites can help inform us about:
- Characteristics of children with ASD
- Whether ASD is more common in some groups of children than others and if those differences are changing over time.
- The impact of ASD and related conditions upon children, families, and communities in the United States.
- Estimate the prevalence of 8-year-olds with ASD and 8-year-olds with intellectual disabilities in Hennepin and Ramsey Counties, and identify other characteristics of those children, such as ethnicity and co-occurring conditions.
- Identify disparities in prevalence, characteristics and age of diagnosis across demographic groups, including two large racial/ethnic groups unique to the area – Somali and Hmong children.
- Share findings of the project data to improve services for children with ASD and intellectual disabilities in their communities.
This project builds on earlier ICI work that estimated the prevalence of ASD among Somali and non-Somali children in Minneapolis, which was the largest project to date to look at the number and characteristics of Somali children with ASD in any U.S. community. The findings of that project, released in 2013, showed notable differences in ASD prevalence and co-occurring conditions, such as intellectual disability, between children from different ethnic groups. This new project looks more closely at some of those differences among children in the broader two county area.
What else does MN-ADDM do besides tracking ASD among 8-year-olds?
MN-ADDM collaborates with a wide variety of community ASD organizations and several Minnesota state agencies including the Minnesota Departments of Education (MDE), Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS), and Minnesota Department of Health. MN-ADDM uses an active community advisory board consisting of parents/family members, advocates, researchers, service providers, administrators, faith leaders, educators, clinicians, and community organizers to inform, guide and support the work of MN-ADDM.
MN-ADDM project engages awareness, educational and outreach activities through a variety of platforms including local and national conferences, community sponsored events, television, and online webinars.
MN-ADDM partnered with the CDC funded "Learn the Signs. Act Early" (LTSAE) project and Help Me Grow MN to conduct outreach and educational activities on early developmental screening and early identification in under-identified communities such as Latino, Hmong, and Somali communities. MN-ADDM together with MN Act Early has translated and customized ASD and LTSAE outreach materials and resources for our local diverse communities.
A short film series was developed in partnership with MN Department of Human Services to raise awareness of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for local diverse communities (e.g. Somali, Hispanic, Hmong, African American, and American Indian). They are designed to help families access evaluation resources, early intervention services, and ASD supports.
Community Advisory Council
Alfred Sesay, Parent
Anthony Gonzalez, Self-advocate
Asli Ashkir, Minnesota Department of Health
St. David's Center for Child & Family Development
Barb Dalbec, Minnesota Department of Health
Charity Tatah Mentan, Community/Researcher
Duchess Harris, Parent/Macalester College
Elia Dimayuga-Bruggeman, Minnesota Department of Education
Ellie Wilson, Autism Society of Minnesota
Eric Kloos, Minnesota Department of Education
Gail Ghere, St. Paul Public Schools (SPPS)
Hassan Samantar, PACER
Jackie Kelly, St. Paul Public Schools (SPPS)
Nancy Gonzalez, Parent
Joy Carpenter, Parent
Julie Kenney, IPSII Inc
Mai Khou Yang, Community member/Social Worker
Mariam Egal, Minnesota Department of Human Services
Nyagatare Valens, Parent
Paris Gatlin, The Arc Minnesota
Pat Pulice, Fraser
Rochelle Cox, Minneapolis Public Schools
Samuel Woldu, Community member/Psychotherapist
Sheik Abdirahman Mohamed, Islamic Civic Society of American & Dar Al-Hijrah Mosque
Yusuf Samatar, Parent/Community member
Susan Madden, UMN, Lead Abstractor
Ryan Ferguson, UMN, Abstractor
John Westerman, UMN, Web Developer
Laura Billstein, Abstractor
Emma Jackson, Abstractor
- Autism spectrum disorder
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that is caused by differences in how the brain functions. People with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in different ways. Signs of ASD begin during early childhood and usually last throughout a person’s life (1). ASD includes former diagnoses of autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger disorder. These diagnoses were collapsed into the single category of ASD in 2013.
- Intellectual disability
Intellectual disability means that a person has difficulty learning at an expected level and functioning in daily life. In this report, intellectual disability is measured by intellectual quotient (IQ) test scores of less than or equal to 70.
Prevalence is a scientific term that describes the number of people with a disease or condition among a defined group at a specific period in time. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or proportion of the defined group. For this project, we counted the number of 8-year-olds in 2014 who were identified with ASD and then divided that number by the total number of 8-year-olds in our surveillance area during 2014.